Georgia State Overhauls Citizen Arrest Law Following Ahmaud Arbery’s Death

Georgia overhauled a Civil War-era law Wednesday that allowed residents to arrest anyone they suspected of committing a crime — a “citizen’s arrest” law invoked by the defense of the three men accused of killing Ahmaud Arbery last year. The Arbery case garnered international outrage with civil rights activists saying it marked yet another example of a targeted attack on a Black man. The Georgia General Assembly approved the bill across party lines by wide margins in both the House and Senate, and now it is headed to Republican Governor Brian Kemp, who has said he will sign it. “Ahmaud was the victim of vigilante-style violence that has no place in Georgia,” Kemp told the media. Kemp said in a release the bill repealed “Civil War-era language in our laws that is ripe for abuse.”   Republican Representative Bert Reeves, the primary sponsor of the bill, said the bill was a “common sense move that should have been done a long time ago. It achieves meaningful reform to prevent vigilantism.” The citizen’s arrest law came under scrutiny after the February 2020 death of Arbery, 25, who was chased down and shot dead as he jogged through his southern Georgia neighborhood. The shooting was caught on cell-phone video that went viral.   In the 1863 law, Georgia allowed any resident to arrest someone they suspect committed a crime, a law that critics say was enacted to detain people suspected of being runaway slaves. Prosecutors initially did not charge the three white men, citing the citizen’s arrest law as the reason, as all three said they believed that Arbery was a burglar.   A former Glynn County police officer, Gregory McMichael, and his son Travis, were charged with murder and aggravated assault, but only after state authorities stepped in about two months after the shooting. A third man, William “Roddie” Bryan, joined the McMichaels in chasing down Arbery, police say, and shot the video of the incident on his phone.   Attorneys for the McMichaels did not immediately respond to Reuters requests for comment. Bryan’s attorney, Kevin Gough, said that the citizen’s arrest law was one of the foundations of the defense for all three accused and that the General Assembly’s new measure did not change what was the law last year. Gerald Griggs, the vice president of the Atlanta chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, said the law needed to be abolished.   “It allowed people to just go play police officer and when they don’t know what they’re doing,” Griggs said. “It was deadly in brother Ahmaud’s case.” No trial date has yet been set for the three. 

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